Foreign Policy of the United States: Diplomacy
Diplomacy is the act of providing parley between two or more nations and making sure that there are good relations between governments belonging to different countries. In 1984 the first version of the “United States diplomacy” was written by Robert.D. Schulzinger. This was the original description and it has evolved up to the fifth edition. Schulzinger argues that the united states ‘ participation in the world’s greatest war was an indication that like all the other countries it had proved to be of great power, which was later seasoned in 1942, that it was the world’s greatest supremacy after its great victory. After the “Second World War,” it was made certain that it was the strongest of all the European countries. When the “cold war ” was going on, the united states started competing with the soviet union as they could no longer be challenged by the Europeans who were known for their politics worldwide. Years that followed the “cold war “, the United States maintained the highest throne in the international chain of command (Schulzinger, 25).
The way the United States handled things throughout the twentieth century led to serious and dedicated researchers asking many questions on how wise they use the military. From 1900, it was greatly involved in making improvements on political matters and reforms all over the world even without fearing the great tension and tight completion within the executive branch congressmen (Schulzinger, 43).
Political power has changed in many countries and unlike in international surroundings it does not change at all during the twentieth-century period. As a result of improved communication and technology during the days, many countries have competed and others have cooperated making the whole world look small since many people are able to link up at any time despite the distance between them. This is because the worldwide economy continues to grow big and the self-dependence is parallel to the increase in commerce at international level. For example in 1996, almost sixteen years from the “cold war”, strobe Talbot the deputy to the secretary of state said that:
“The Americans have a growing stake when there is interdependence in other countries, in how other countries govern and misgovern themselves. The bigger and good relations of the communities that go for governments with democratic forms and the more safe Americans will be.”
The periods towards the end of the 19th century were given a perfect name called “Age of imperialism”. Only with some adjustments made, the age has continued up to date. Western Europe as a domineering power came together with three other countries namely, Russia, Japan and the united states of America and each one of them wanted to be a great power on its own. This is power over the whole world and does not match any “ideal that represents the United States of America”. In the same century but a bit earlier, the United States seemed to be disinterested in fights and arguments happening beyond the western countries and the lack of interest is a result of a new empire. After taking over North America, the United States started fighting for power from all over the world. It shows how the nation has greed for power since instead of concentrating in one territory; it wants to rule over the whole world (Schulzinger, 52).
Theodore and his friends realized that they were “imperialists”, and other people did not like the title since it forced them to get out of the rule, for example Andrew Carnegie who was an industrialist came together with some other men to prevent the invasion of the Philippines. His friends were the likes of George Frisbee who was Massachusetts senator then. The Philippines were educated and civilization took its way, they were also converted into Christianity as the senator said he was instructed by God to do so. A big number of the Americans who refused to be associated with the imperialists had bad memories of the public servants, who differentiated their behaviors from the rest. According to James Monroe who was the president, the United States was to remain detached from the quarrels of European countries since the social system was different from the dictatorship that was in Europe. Advocates were reluctant to compare their similar ways of life to the ones who came from superior powers. Even Theodore, an imperialist emphasized taking the unfamiliar rules ahead selflessly (Schulzinger, 85).
The Europeans always talked of the benefits of bringing “civilization” and the United States was not interested in that as it said it was not after no interest in getting the entire world’s power to itself. So far several presidents have been in charge of the “American foreign policy”, namely, John F. Kennedy, Richard M. Nixon, Hoover Herbert, Wilson Woodrow and the other two. Concerns are divided according to the attention of the chief executive while in office. Subordinate staff is assigned duties by the president on foreign matters since one person cannot spend all his time dealing with them; it is through this staff that he intervenes to solve problems within his cabinet. After the 2nd world war in the 20th century, instigators of foreign schemes started appreciating that the president had a group that was giving him personal advice on how to handle reforms (Schulzinger, 180).
All the presidents in the modern world have always wanted to approve the policies given by congress but none of them has ever accepted to use or dedicate the powers they have to those who make the laws, hence In foreign affairs more problems come up when the congress is involved, many time the diplomats’ esteem was not relieved since the congress kept asking questions contrary to what they wanted. Questions of whether Congress and lawmakers should be involved in solving matters from other countries were left unanswered. Some criticisms even showed that it is not the government alone that advocated and worked for diplomacy and therefore some outsiders must have been involved (Schulzinger, 320).
From observations made during the early 20th century” United States did not live up to the ideals that it represented. It did not want to be associated with the European countries since it was competing for power, and being together would mean they split the power among themselves. Its main interest had been power, to rule over the whole world or the entire universe. The way the European countries handled things is almost the same only that dictatorship ruling had not been revealed in the United States to fully be compared with others. Pointing fingers at countries under dictatorship made it appear diplomatic. However, its strategy to enhance diplomacy still rules.
Schulzinger Robert. U. S. Diplomacy since 1900. 5th edition. Oxford University Press, USA. 2001.