The relationship between treatment compliance and social support is the subject of several studies. In this particular study, the paper looks at treatment compliance of African American women and how it is affected by social support. The dependent and independent variables are discussed from the two hypotheses developed. The estimation is that the compliance of African American women with HIV is dependent on the social support they receive.
Empirical Research Problem and the Units of Analysis
The research problem is to establish the relationship between Social support and treatment compliance in African American women with HIV. The units of analysis in the study include treatment compliance and social support. Treatment compliance would be evaluated using the statistics of individual women on constant highly active antiretrovirals for HIV. Social support would be assessed based on the family support of the individuals.
The research problem is to establish if there is any relationship between compliance of HIV treatment among African- American women with HIV and social support. Several researchers report improved compliance with increased social support in several illnesses. The stigmatization of patients with HIV often reduces the compliance of patients on treatment for the condition. Consequently, the study establishes whether this relationship holds for African American women with HIV.
Support and avoid Ecological and Ideological Fallacies
The units under study are relevant and reasonable for comparison. A long-held belief is that treatment outcomes are improved by the social support that patients receive (Gonzales et al., 2004). However, there is still a gap in knowledge about the effect that motivation has on treatment compliance (Frankfort-Nachmias & Nachmias, 2008). Ecological and individualistic fallacies can be avoided in the research through the utilization of evidence-based research articles. In addition, these fallacies could be reduced through the use of standard experimental methods (Reynolds, 2007; Kumar, 2009).
The first research hypothesis in this study is that there is a positive relationship between the compliance of African American HIV-Positive women and the social support they get. The independent variable in this hypothesis is social support (Creswell, 2009). The provision of social support is fixed in the population under study. In addition, the research assesses the variations in social support. The dependent variable in the research is the compliance of the women under treatment for HIV (Gonzalez et al., 2004). The compliance of women with HIV in this hypothesis is assumed to vary depending on the social support provided to these patients.
The second hypothesis is that the family support provided to patients with HIV affects their compliance. In this second hypothesis, the independent variable is the family support of African American women with HIV. The dependent variable in the hypothesis is the compliance of these patients. In this hypothesis, the compliance of these patients with HIV depends on the family support that they receive. The control variables in the two hypotheses include no provision of social support for these women. SPSS will be adequate software to use in the evaluation of this relationship (Green & Salkind, 2014).
The estimated expected changes in the magnitude and relations between the dependent and independent variables include improved compliance with increased social and family support. Social support for African American women with HIV is estimated to increase their compliance to treatment. This estimation depends on the existing studies that show a positive relationship between treatment compliance and social support for these patients.
In conclusion, the problem in this research is to evaluate the relationship between treatment compliance and social support in African American women with HIV. The variables in this research include treatment compliance and social support for these patients. In most studies, the researchers propose that social support has a positive effect on treatment compliance.
Creswell, J. W. (2009). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (Laureate Education, Inc., custom ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Frankfort-Nachmias, C., & Nachmias, D. (2008). Research methods in the social sciences (7th ed.). New York: Worth.
Gonzalez, J., Penedo, F., Antoni, M., Durán, R., McPherson-Baker, S., Ironson, G., Fernandez, I., Klimas, N., Fletcher, M., & Schneiderman, N. (2004). Social Support, Positive States of Mind, and HIV Treatment Adherence in Men and Women Living With HIV/AIDS. Health Psychology, 23(4), 413-418.
Green, S. B., & Salkind, N. J. (2014). Using SPSS for Windows and Macintosh: Analyzing and understanding data (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.
Kumar, K. (2009). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
Reynolds, R. (2007). A primer in theory construction. Boston: Pearson Education.