The rise of the industrial age in the 20th century, altered the human lifestyle bringing with it benefits as well as challenges to the world’s population. Population growth came as a result of urbanization where a lot of workers were needed in order to keep up with the work demand. The world currently stands at six billion people and with it is the increase in pressure on the environment, water, energy and other commodities (Thakur 55). An overpopulated place suffers vices that arise from strained resource sharing making it one of the world’s potentially dangerous yet ignored problems. It is the responsibility of every government to try to control population growth in its nation.
Population and natural resource
Arable land is any country’s natural resource. Food security is vital for the smooth running, drop in interest rates and growth of the economy. However, with the surge in population numbers, forest land has are increasingly being turned into homes and farms. This has resulted into deforestation whose circle extends to lack of food and thereafter inflation. The food problem is one that will escalate in the coming years as studies indicate that man depends on 99 per cent on food from the land with only one per cent being the ocean and water bodies. Water is another resource that is critical to human beings as well as agriculture. The high population growth continues to put a strain on water accessibility and with the emergence of water diseases in overpopulated neighborhoods (Thakur 85).
Population and environment
Industrialization is a major contributing factor that has led to population growth. In urban areas, the rise of slums due to land and water restraint has gradually led to environmental degradation. Increased population growth leads to more pressure on natural resources. This led to the pollution of the air and land causing an environmental crisis. An ailing environment gives rise to diseases such as diarrhea, which is one of the killer diseases of children (Wu 90).
Population and economic development
Studies show that poor nations tend to have high birth rates as well as higher death rates. They die due to the challenges they face ranging from poor sanitation to disease prevalence. The poorest developing economy has a general slow growth of population. As a nation improves and does well economically, the birth rate decreases and the life-threatening diseases are contained, leading to fast population growth. The high population rate is useful for the labor market as it provides much needed human resource. An example is in India; however, due to the high numbers of people their human resources record is not good (Lindahl-Kiessling and Landberg 121). The countries with high population growth do tend to have bad human-resource treatment. A country with a high population tends to use it less on investment and more on consumption. This means economic growth affects the population growth rate and vice versa.
The high growth rate of a nation impacts its economic growth rate by touching on how it spends its resources. A high population growth usually puts constraints on the restricted resources such as land, water and other natural resources. These limited resources such as land are then forced to be sub-divided, reducing its value for farming. While capitalism needs labor to drive its economic agenda, this system fails to solve the vital issue of the population explosion. The larger the population is the higher the spending on consumption goods and the lesser the spending on investment projects.
Lindahl-Kiessling, Kerstin, and Hans Landberg. Population, Economic Development, and the Environment: [the Making of Our Common Future]. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 1994. Print.
Thakur, Baleshwar. Perspectives in Resource Management in Developing Countries: Volume 2, Population, Resources and Development. New Delhi: Concept Pub. Co, 2007. Print.
Wu, Dash. Modeling Risk Management for Resources and Environment in China. Berlin: Springer Berlin, 2011. Print.