Obesity is becoming a major issue in the current world, especially among citizens in developed countries. Nurses can take various actions to mitigate the rise of this problem. The analyzed research papers highlighted findings on obesity, and they provided various ways of dealing with the problem. Nurses can incorporate the identified actions in their daily duties when handling clients with obesity. The research aimed to sensitize nurses on the various practices that they can incorporate in their duties when handling the patients to help such patients adopt healthy styles of living by educating and sensitizing them.
Currently, most American medics are focusing on obesity, which is the rising epidemic in health care. More than two-thirds of Americans are either overweight or obese. There are various medical risks associated with obesity. They include coronary cardiac complications, stroke, cancer, and diabetes. Even though obesity attracts attention especially from the press, no consistent approach to reverse its rate has been taken.
The only suggested way of dealing with obesity is a lifestyle change that has proven expensive to many besides consuming a lot of time. Media have contributed to the rise of obesity because besides outlining various ways of handling obesity. It promotes various foodstuffs that have high-calorie levels. There are various actions that nurses can take about obesity that would make them role models in the field of obesity. Camden provides nurses with various topics in handling obese patients, including the transfer of the patients in a safe way and the mobilization of the patients (Rowen, 2009).
The methodology of the research involved the analysis of various studies done in the past on obesity (Rebar, Gersch, Macnee & McCabe, 2010). The study provides a wide variety of information, including the various practices that were suggested in the past, but failed to work and those that have been effective. It involves the scrutiny of gathered information and coming up with effective practices. The research studied, measured obesity by calculating the BMI of a person and it incorporates the measuring of the circumference of a patient’s weight, calculation of the ratio of hips to the waist, and determining the bioelectrical impedance within a patient’s body. The process of measuring obesity analyses the weight and age of the person involved (Fillingham, Peters, Chisholm & Hart, 2014).
According to the findings from the study, unhealthy lifestyles and genetic factors are the leading causes of obesity. The calorie level of the food taken by people and the amount of time dedicated to physical activity determine whether a person becomes obese or not. A qualitative analysis of the research found that the provision of space and safe environments for obese patients can help in curing obesity. Other roles that nurses play in handling obesity include surgeries, prescription of medicine, and monitoring the patients. Nurses should be trained in a way that equips them with the knowledge of various ways of handling the patients through respect and care (Fillingham, Peters, Chisholm & Hart, 2014).
The lack of respect for patients affects their esteem, and this may impede their response to the treatments suggested by the physicians. On the mitigation of the medical condition, the studies suggested that nurses should take a step further and educate the public on a healthy lifestyle through educating the public on the importance of physical exercises and taking low-calorie food. In addition, nurses should have the appropriate guidelines to deal with complex causes of obesity (Rowen, 2009)
This study shows that nurses can play a very important role in the reduction of obesity levels globally. The results show that the medication is not the only cure for the disorder. Nurses can motivate the patients to engage in physical activities, which lower their weights effectively. Nurses should play an integral role in influencing the development of healthy lifestyles among the people in society to lower the number of new cases of diabetes.
Fillingham, A., Peters, S., Chisholm, A., & Hart, J. (2014). Early training in tackling patient obesity: A systematic review of nurse education. Nurse Education Today.
Rebar, C. R., Gersch, C. J., Macnee, C. L., & McCabe, S. (2010). Understanding Nursing Research: Using Research in Evidence-Based Practice. Philadelphia: LWW.
Rowen, L. (2009). Obesity on the Rise: What Can Nurses Do? OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 14(1).