The Belmonte Report: Research in Human Subjects
The Belmonte Report was created as a blueprint for the conduct of research on human beings, detailing the core values of structured procedures in the scientific field. In summary, it offers fundamental ethical values for consideration in medical research developments. One of the key provisions in the establishment of acceptable biomedical and behavioral research boundaries on routine practices, which include respect, beneficence, and justice for people.
Moreover, it highlights the value of risk-benefit analysis on why human subject research is ideal, including comprehensive assessment and understanding (Office for Human Research Protections, 1979). Likewise, it guides the sampling procedures and advocates for informed consent as the primary requirement in each phase, by informing, allowing people to comprehend and volunteer to participate.
As a policy guideline, the document acts as a principle guiding what constitutes right and wrong in human research. It was developed because of the research practices which presented a massive threat to human values with volunteers left to bear the burden of the research context in the 1970s. The results of these principles are eminent, human subject research has never been the same again, as the document is the standard policy for research and practice because it provides autonomy for people.
The Animal Research report seems to offer structured guidelines on how to handle animals during exploration. The need to consider the rights of the research subjects during any phase is pertinent. The researchers used animals and other subjects in establishing the efficacy of drugs and other components to ensure success in the utility of such clinical products (American Association for Laboratory Animal Science, 2020).
I believe the document emanated from the implementation of the Belmont report. Animal subject research is a relatively new field constituted to act as a correlative option in developing new products. The two blueprints aim at the protection of rights for animals and human beings in the field of scientific research. In practice, there is a need to utilize these blueprints to avoid unethical conduct and ensure sustainable development in research.
American Association for Laboratory Animal Science. (2020-2021). Animal research report. Web.
Office for Human Research Protections. (1979). The Belmont Report. Ethical principles and guidelines for the protection of human subjects of research. Web.