The Effect of Evidence-Based Practices on Nursing
The effect of evidence-based practices (EBPs) has been the key point of focus in science, education and most importantly, in the nursing practice. As argued by Steven (2013), the present development of EBP and healthcare revolution has ignored the necessity of creating safe, efficient and effective care delivery service.
As a result of this transformation, medical practitioners, experts and policy makers have devised initiatives that will maximize the delivery of quality care services so as to deliver the objectives of evidence-based practices (DeNisco and Barker, 2013). Placing more focus on transformation of healthcare systems, this paper will examine how these advancements influence the population, the importance of scholarship to the advanced nursing, and the importance of EBP in selected nurses’ roles through conducting a literature review.
In the recent times, studies have shown interest in highlighting challenges faced in the healthcare as it advances in adopting the present changes. These studies have been in line with the need to improve the current healthcare systems. Considering their involvement in healthcare transformation, nurses have actively participated in the improvement of care ahead of new competencies which are beyond evidence-based nursing practices. Stevens (2013) argues that, in 1960s, the direction in nursing led to a conclusion that, nursing was an applied science. Two decades down the line, studies established that, since field productivity is not enough, this knowledge was transformed into clinically beneficial arrangements so as to facilitate patient’s outcome.
However, to facilitate this approach, it had to be applied across healthcare systems to measure the significant effects on health and performance outcomes. The institute of medicine (2011) that focused on the provision of quality care, knowledge and the new roles of nursing endorsed that nurses were the most effective in leading inter-professional teams in the advancement of healthcare service delivery for the new competencies beyond the EBP. These competencies have placed more emphasis on the utilization of clinical knowledge as well as the provision of evidence base intervention that is helpful for healthcare providers (Schmidt & Brown, 2014).
The Influences of Population Health
As outlined in Beidas & Kendall (2010) study, population health is more concerned with health results for a particular group of individuals. Population health has in many ways necessitated the advancement of nursing roles The major influence of population health is that individuals are able to control, respond and adopt the current change. In line with this point of view, population health has placed more emphasis on the reduction of health disparities among t individuals within a given population (DeNisco and Barker, 2013).
Social Determinants of Health (SDOH) such as physical, cultural, social as well as environmental factors are based on particular groups of people born and grew in a particular area in a significant part of their lives (DeNisco & Barker, 2013). These factors have had a significant influence on population health. Population health is a representation of a shift from an individual-based care to the one that meets the needs of the entire population.
This concept also pursues to acknowledge the standards set in public health agencies. They achieve this through addressing a wider range of aspects exhibited by the effects of healthcare in the population. In line with the WHO (2008) report, the Social Determinants of Health have led to an increase diseases and injuries mainly brought as a result of health disparities across the world. For instance, according to the WHO (2008) report, Social Determinants of Health accounted for up to 70 percent of mortality in America (Beidas & Kendall, 2010).
The Importance of Scholarship to the Advanced Nursing Roles
The significance of taking a nursing scholarship program is to facilitate the provision of effective and quality health care. Scholarship has had a great influence to the roles of nurses. In line with these influences, healthcare professionals have placed more emphasis on preparing health professionals to enter into the medical fields so as to bridge the gap that exist between the need for improved healthcare services and the current trends in the nursing field.
According to the 2003 Health Professions Education report, the present educational programs do not offer pharmacologists, general practitioner, nurses, and other healthcare professionals the skills needed to facilitate the provision of quality and safe healthcare practices. According to the conclusion made by the Institute of Medicine (2011), the current scholarship programs are in urgent need for an overhaul practice that will equip nurses with the adequate skills that will foster the adaptation of assuming their new roles (Beidas & Kendall, 2010). However, for this overhaul to be effective, it should focus on changing how current healthcare providers perform their day to day healthcare practices.
A study carried out by Schmidt & Brown (2014) established that, in line with the importance of scholarship to the advanced nursing roles, the core competencies for the providers include the provision of patient-centered care, the application of the evidenced practice, working in interdisciplinary teams, the application of improvement of quality, and utilizing of informatics.
The Importance of the Evidence Based Practice
The definition of quality healthcare, according to the Institute of has placed more focus on three components of service. These components include the targeted health results; healthcare interventions (services); and reliability with the contemporary information (Schmidt & Brown, 2014). The provision of quality health belief holds on the assumption that, research offers consistent information with regards to the probability that a particular approach will enhance the present health status to more anticipated results.
The definition of quality healthcare emphasizes on the goal decreasing variations that are not logical in healthcare through normalizing healthcare practices on the basis of scientific evidences. In the early staged of EBP, advanced nurses can develop models that will help in organizing their medical practices. According to the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (2011), more than 47 noticeable EBP models have been identified in the literature.
Synthesis for the Literature Review
Having conducted the literature review, the for studied articles have established that the degree of healthcare services for the population escalate the probability of facilitating consistent and desired care results in the contemporary professional knowledge.
These studies have also established that EBP embraces an assurance for the provision of the anticipated health outcomes. In line with startling healthcare statistics caused by significant portion of preventable harm, a care blueprint has been redesigned to bridge the gap between health care provision and nurses’ roles (Rycroft-Malone & Bucknall). A significant endorsement from experts has been to employ EBP. For this reason, they conclude that EBPs hold a greater opportunity to advance the probability for the provision of envisioned health result in the future.
Beidas, R. S., & Kendall, P. C. (2010). Training therapists in evidence‐based practice: A critical review of studies from a systems‐contextual perspective. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 17(1), 1-30.
DeNisco, S. and Barker, A. (2013). Advanced practice nursing. 1st ed. Burlington, Mass.: Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Rycroft-Malone, J., & Bucknall, T. (Eds.). (2013). Models and frameworks for implementing evidence-based practice: linking evidence to action. John Wiley & Sons.
Melnyk, B. M., & Fineout-Overholt, E. (Eds.). (2011). Evidence-based practice in nursing & healthcare: A guide to best practice. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Schmidt, N. A., & Brown, J. M. (2014). Evidence-based practice for nurses. Jones & Bartlett.
Stevens, K. (2013). The impact of evidence-based practice in nursing and the next big ideas. OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 18(2).