Dahdah, M. N., Barnes, S. A., Buros, A., Allmon, A., Dubiel, R., Dunklin, C., & Shafi, S. (2016). The impact of preexisting illness and substance use on functional and neuropsychological outcomes following traumatic brain injury. Baylor University Medical Center Proceedings, 29(3), 271-276. Web.
The number of pages is 7; keywords used to find the reading is traumatic brain injury, preexisting illnesses, cancer, and neuropsychological outcomes. I’ve selected this reading as, at present, no studies are conducted on the connection between preexisting conditions and neuropsychological outcomes. The main point of the research is that several diseases such as cancer affect rehabilitation, lowering functional outcomes. Heart and respiratory conditions reduce cognitive flexibility; diabetes impacts visuomotor processing speed and the ability to learn and recall verbal information (Dahdah et al., 2016). The preexisting diseases affect treatment, requiring a particular approach and personalizing the patient’s care. Moreover, the TBI can be considered a chronic health condition due to progressive functional decline in the following years. TBI and improper patient rehabilitation can cause further cognitive deterioration.
Tatara, Y., Shimada, R., & Kibayashi, K. (2020). Effects of preexisting diabetes mellitus on the severity of traumatic brain injury. Journal of Neurotrauma, 38(7), 886-902. Web.
The number of pages is 16; keywords are diabetes, preexisting disease, TBI, and prolonged inflammation. This study is conducted on the topic of the relation between TBI and Diabetes mellitus (DM). The article is crucial in exploring TBI as DM is a common illness in the US population. TBI’s main point is exacerbated by DM, producing changes in nerve function and inflammatory cell migration to the injury site. Compared to non-DM organisms, DM provides increased brain contusion and deterioration in the neurological symptom score. The key findings supported my suggestion that TBI causes long-term damage and delayed healing. Interestingly, TBI contributes to an increase of neutrophils, which impairs nerve function.