Neurological Disorders and Nursing Interventions
Neurological disorders are therapeutically defined as conditions that disrupt the brain as well as the nervous system. Patients who suffer from neurological disorders need proper attention and require someone to be at their close look in any emergencies. These disorders could affect the spinal cord, brain, cranial nerves, and peripheral nerves. They include Alzheimer’s disease, cerebrovascular diseases like stroke, brain tumors, migraine, and epilepsy. Therefore, this paper seeks to address suitable medical attention offered to patients with neurological disorders to increase their strength and offer motor functions.
First, the nurse should check for signs and symptoms of seizure activity like the twitching of muscle groups, especially the hand or face, to know what one is handling. Remove any restrictive clothing to ensure a free and sufficient oxygen supply. Patients should always be lying in a flat area away from any objects that can wound them. Place a piece of clothing under the head to prevent him from being hurt. Putting something in the patient’s mouth exposes them to more risk of either breaking their teeth, biting the nurse in placing the object, and the jaw. This should never be employed since patients hardly bite their tongue.
On the arrival of an emergency medical personnel, one should explain how the neurological disorder happened and its immediate cause. Typically, this gives the medical personnel a proper go-ahead on the best ways to handle the patient. After the seizure, assess the patient’s respiration and pulse and turn them to the side to ensure a patent airway. According to Molina et al. (2018), one should not allow a patient to walk immediately after experiencing a neurological disorder since solid muscle contractions could injure him. When the medical personnel arrives on the scene, I will give them detailed information about what happened to the patient. I will tell them the step-by-step actions I took towards handling the situation to ensure the stable condition of the individual. To sum up, the nurse’s intervention at the point of a neurological disorder always provides a favorable recovery atmosphere for the patient rather than rushing into action. Lack of proper procedure jeopardizes the patient’s life in the long run.
Molina, L., Santos-Ruiz, S., Clave, P., Gonzalez-de Paz, L., & Cabrera, E. (2018). Nursing interventions in adult patients with oropharyngeal dysphagia: A systematic review. European Geriatric Medicine, 9(1), 5-21.