History of America in First Half of the 20th Century
In 1929, when The Great Depression began, it seemed that the entire economic system collapsed, as all the countries around the world were influenced by it negatively. Therefore, American politicians encountered the necessity to take actions, which will be effective in the long run. The role of the government changed considerably, and in the 1930s, their main direction implied guaranteeing the population a certain level of wealth (Shi, 2015, p. 852). The contemporary president, Roosevelt, stuck to the recovery course, which included a series of trial-and-error actions, which was titled A new Deal, though some of the proposals appeared to be failures.
During this period, there was a contradiction between communism and fascism. The term ‘communism’ is a theory, according to which the property should belong to the entire community, and each citizen should receive its part, which is equal to its contribution. On the other hand, fascism is a form of ultranationalism, which may be characterized as far-right and authoritarian. Its other features imply dictatory power and restrictions in the social system and economics. These theories appear to be alternatives to capitalism, which collapsed during the Great Depression (Shi, 2015, p. 894). This way, the necessity of sticking to another worldview was evident.
Another ordeal, which Americans had to encounter during the 20th century, is Word War II. For this reason, American women had to occupy the jobs, which were considered to be male, in order to allow men to join military service (Shi, 2015, p. 894). It is also worthy of note that there were considerable changes in the lives of African-Americans, who become capable of finding new jobs (Shi, 2015, p. 894). Both groups of the population contributed to the fact that “World War II actually set in motion the processes that would culminate in the women’s movement and with the civil rights movement of the ’50s and ’60s” (Shi, 2015, p. 894). Therefore, they played a significant role during the military period and the civil rights fight.
Shi, D. E. (2015). America: The essential learning edition: Volume 2. Norton & Company, Incorporated, W. W.