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Vital Statistics, Gahanna, Franklin, Ohio

HPSA

Dental HPSA (total of 5 centers 3 are comprehensive health center and two are population group type).

  • Low Income – Northeast Columbus
  • Columbus Neighborhood Health Center
  • Low Income – Greater Hilltop Franklin County
  • Lower Lights Christian Health Center
  • Capital Park Family Health Center

Primary medical care HPSA (4 IN NUMBER). Three of these are comprehensive health centre and one is population group.

  • Columbus Neighborhood Health Center
  • Capital Park Family Health Center
  • Lower Lights Christian Health Center
  • Low Income – Franklinton/Greater Hilltop

Mental health HPSA (3 in number) 2 are comprehensive health center, 1 federally qualified health center:

  • Columbus Neighborhood Health Center
  • Capital Park Family Health Center
  • Lower Lights Christian Health Center (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, n.d. )

Median income for the Gahanna community

  • $66, 031 in 2000 (ePodunk, 2007) and $70,203 in 2009;
  • hence it increased from 2007
  • This income is higher as compares with the one for Ohio – was $45,395 in 2009 (City-Dta, 2010)

Morbidity and mortality rates for Ohio

  • Ohio’s infant mortality rate was 8.2 per 1000 live births in 2005 (Ohio Perinatal Research Network-OPRN, n.d.)
  • Pre-term birth rate was 13.3% compared to US rate of 12.8%
  • 145 infants die each year in Franklin before they celebrate first birthday

Prevalence of child obesity in Ohio

  • % of 10-17 years with obesity is 30.4% and ranked position 30 nationwide (NICHO, n.d.)
  • United States had a prevalence rate of 30.6% nationwide

Children living in community around Gahanna, Ohio

Children living in Whitehall near Gahanna (CLRChoice, 2010) are as follows:

  • Age 0-5 – 8.66% of 17,371 = 1504
  • Age 6-11 – 7.45% of 17,371 = 1294
  • Age 12-17 – 7.08% of 17,371 =1230

The total number of children is 4028 Children living in Gahanna (MDNH, 2011) are s follows;

  • 5 years and below – 2211(6.77%)
  • 5-9 years – 2741(8.4%)
  • 10-14 years – 2814(8.62%)
  • 15 to 19 years – 2394(7.34%)

Number of senior citizens living in Gahanna community

  • Age 65-74 in 2010 – 1855 (4.62%)
  • Age 75-84 in 2010 – 1109 (2.76%)
  • Age 85+ – 371 (0.92%)
65 years and over 2839 8.7%
Male 1113 3.41%
Female 1726 5.29%

Deaths related to influenza in your community of interest

  • Ohio death rates from Flu= 18.6 and figure was 2416
  • The figure went high with a change of 1.4 in the rate, from 2004-2005
  • The rate for the United States was 20.3

Deaths from accidents in Gahanna

  • There were 4438 deaths at the rate of 37.1 in 2006 (Health Insurance data, n.d.)
  • United States had a overall rate of 39.1. Ohio ranked 33 in 2005 with a rate of 35.6
  • In 2004, the rate was 35.6 and thus it increased in between 2005-2006.
  • In 2009, the rate of fatal crash deaths was 2.9 per 100, 000 population in Gahanna, compared to 6.8 per 100, 000 population in Ohio (City-Data, 2010).

Safety and Healthcare needs

Deaths can reduce with the increase in the number of children having insurance. Ohio records only 11% for all persons who do not have health insurance, in the category 0-65 years. Again, only 87.1% are undergoing early prenatal care in Ohio.

These statistics reveal that most deaths in the Ohio occur because of a variety of reasons. These include heart diseases (rate of 224.3 in Ohio in 2006 – 29003 deaths) and cancer (at the rate of 196.5-total of 24702 deaths). Others are stroke (with 6279 deaths), chronic lower respiratory diseases (with 6580 deaths), diabetes (with 3794 deaths at the rate of 30.0 in Ohio), influenza, kidney diseases, septicemia , alzheimer’s disease, and accidents (4438 deaths at the rate of 37.1), according to the Health Insurance data (n.d.). There was an age-adjustment of the recorded rates. As seen, accidents and some diseases causing deaths in Ohio are preventable and/or manageable at their earlier stages (e.g. respiratory illnesses). Reduced risk of illnesses would reduce with increased percentage of those undergoing this care. The infant mortality rate stood at 7.82% in 2005. The rate can reduce with increase in the number of access to the healthcare centers. For instance, the government should increase the HPSA, and this will play a big role in helping the dwellers access healthcare facilities.

The number of Primary medical care HPSAs are only 4, according to the statistics. There is need to boost the number of these HPSAs in the area. It is necessary that this category of HPSA have a higher number as compared to others (dental and mental health), because illnesses and disease of this category are more to blame for high rates of death in Gahanna. Increasing healthcare access is important to reducing mortality rates through saving children who are born with problems. In fact, among the highest cause of mortality are premature births. Again, not all mothers attend prenatal care, and more primary care centers accessible to more people could provide such help. There is a connection between medical healthcare access and the increased deaths because of diseases. Increase in population also needs increase in medical facilities in Ohio.

Another important issue as far as access to medication is concerned, is the fact that some of the HPSAs need improvement. For all HPSAs categories, it is evident that not all of them have a high-quality center status (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, n.d.). Improving the quality of more of these centers is an important aspect of helping individuals’ access proper healthcare in Ohio and reduction in mortality. The centers need enough medical practitioners as well as facilities for care. Improving nursing care is important to helping the elderly in this community. It is evident that citizens with 65 years and above form a particular percentage of the population and it is necessary to improve healthcare facilities directed at their support. Nursing care centers need also end-of-life facilities because illnesses posing big risk include cancer, which is difficult to treat.

Poor access to medication affects minority communities such as the blacks. It is important that the government pay more attention for improved access to the heathcare facilities. For instance, the government should distribute more HPSAs for these communities. In addition, the government can boost healthcare education for these populations. Boosting healthcare education is an important factor towards reducing the cases of childhood obesity. As seen, many children are not doing body exercises, contributing to more who are suffering from obesity. In Ohio, 57.9% of 6-17 engage in rigourous physical activity each week in Ohio. 48.1% engage in 2 or more hours screen time in a day-tv, videos, computer games, etc. The populations in Ohio and Gahanna need more health education by the government departments involved, in order to encourage and ensure that their children engage more in body exercises. This is necessary to reduce the cases and rates of obesity. The best solution to reducing obesity is health education to parents and children through health education programs.

The number of accidents (which contribute a significant percentage of deaths in Ohio) can reduce through measures that improve road safety. These include intensive training and retraining programs for drivers and traffic police. Other strategies include ensuring that police enforce traffic rules and stricter punishment be put in place for offenses related to defiance.

References

City-Data. (2010). Gahanna, Ohio. City-Data. Web.

CLRChoice. (2010). Whitehall demographics summary. CLRChoice. Web.

ePondunk Inc. (2007).Income statistics for Gahanna County. ePondunk Inc. Web.

Health Insurance data, (n.d.). State profile, Ohio. Health Insurance data. Web.

MDNH. (2011). Gahanna population and demographics. MDNH. Web.

NICHO. (n.d.). How much do you know about the childhood obesity epidemic in OHIO? NICHO. Web.

Ohio Perinatal Research Network (n.d.). Mortality in Ohio. OPRN. Web.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, (n.d.). HPSA. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Web.

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StudyKraken. (2022, September 9). Vital Statistics, Gahanna, Franklin, Ohio. Retrieved from https://studykraken.com/vital-statistics-gahanna-franklin-ohio/

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StudyKraken. "Vital Statistics, Gahanna, Franklin, Ohio." September 9, 2022. https://studykraken.com/vital-statistics-gahanna-franklin-ohio/.

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StudyKraken. 2022. "Vital Statistics, Gahanna, Franklin, Ohio." September 9, 2022. https://studykraken.com/vital-statistics-gahanna-franklin-ohio/.

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StudyKraken. (2022) 'Vital Statistics, Gahanna, Franklin, Ohio'. 9 September.

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